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Saturday, April 6, 2019

Gerbera - Herbras Flower

Gerbera L. (Gerbera L.) is an ornamental plant that belongs to the Asteraceae family. Gerbera is a perennial plant, whose leaves are elongated in shape, green with large serrated leaf edges.

Gerbera was taken from the name Traugott Gerber, a German doctor who was a friend of Carolus Linnaeus. The species name Gerbera jamesonii (Barberton daisy) is taken from the name of a plant collector named Robert Jameson who discovered this plant in the Transvaal province, South Africa.
Herbras Bouquet.

Gerbera consists of around 2,000 cultivars with flowers that have a variety of shapes and sizes between 5-12 cm in diameter. Gerbera flower has a large capitulum which is the base of two layers of crown leaves (called floret ray) with long, colorful shapes: orange, yellow, pink, red, white, pink salmon, and purple. The hump section also consists of hundreds of small flowers (crossed trans and crossed discs) so that it looks like a whole flower. In the middle of the hump it is sometimes dark. At the same flower color differences are often found on the crown leaves.

Gerbera began to be cultivated at the end of the 19th century in England by Richard Lynch, a curator at the Cambridge Botanical Gardens, England. The crossing of two species originating from South Africa Gerbera jamesonii and Gerbera viridifolia produced Gerbera hybrida. Most of the Gerbera jamesonii and Gerbera viridifolia cultivars that are traded today are the result of crosses from the descendants of two Gerbera jamesonii species.

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